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Agricultural Products

An Analysis of India’s Agricultural Product List

Agriculture Products encompasses all those things that are grown, raised or manufactured by means of agricultural plants or animals. Agriculture Products includes crops, livestock, fruits and vegetables, milk, meat and feed. These products have been produced in varying forms from hundreds of years back. Agriculture Products forms a major segment of the total Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in many countries. Livestock is one such category that includes cattle, hogs, poultry, fish and rodents. In brief, agriculture products include all those things that are grown, raised or manufactured by means of agricultural plants or animals.

Agriculture Products comprises most of the exports of India. Livestock, cattle, fish and rodents constitute the bulk of the volume exports of India. The agricultural sector in India accounts for about 45% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The value of agricultural products sold to other countries has been on a constant rise.

There is an intense competition in the agricultural export sector, both from foreign investors and Indian small farmers. The volume of exports of Indian Agriculture Products has been on a steady rise because of factors like liberalization policies, the growth of the middle class and improved mechanization. There is a large scope of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the agricultural sector in India. Major beneficiaries of FDI in the agricultural sector are the small farmers who produce cotton and tea and provide employment to many people in rural areas. The government of India’s emphasis on foreign direct investment (FDI) in the agricultural sector is one of the reasons for the betterment of the economy of the country.

Among the most important agricultural products, dairy products have gained much attention due to their demand across the world. Dairy products like milk, yoghurt, butter, milk solids and cream are the most important dairy products export products of India. The government of India has promoted the exports of dairy products because of their wide market potential. The demand for Indian dairy products is high in developed countries like US, Japan, China and Europe and marginal in the developing countries like India and China.

Growth of the private sector in the agricultural sector has also helped the overall productivity of the nation. Private sector involvement in the agriculture industry has led to the growth of small and big farm businesses which have further led to the rise in farm production and agricultural exports. Major agriculture products like tea, coffee, cottages, oranges, tomatoes, potatoes, cereals, peppers, turmeric, and tobacco have gained much importance as export items.
The foodgrain sectors of India continue to remain the mainstay of the agricultural production. With increases in per-crops and yields, farmers’ cash yields have been increasing in India. The increasing demand for farm production has led to expansion of the croplands and intensification of the agricultural production. The recent global food crisis has further worsened the situation of malnutrition in several parts of the country.