Agriculture Products: Modern Agriculture in India
Agriculture products make up a large percentage of the economy, supporting millions of jobs. Products of agriculture include a variety of goods that come directly from the soil and are consumed by people. These include milk, grains, meat, fish, vegetables, fruits, and other organic agricultural products. The products produced by agriculture are internationally traded, which increases competitiveness. These products are made through different methods including planting, farming, growing, harvesting, and marketing.
Some of the products produced in the agricultural sector are crops such as sugarcane, cotton, alfalfa, canola, hemp, jute, rice, rubber, wheat, corn, hay, tea, coffee, cocoa, coal, wheat, feedstuffs, peat, wood, indigo, jute, cotton, sheep, goats, horse, cattle, poultry, eggs, pig, game, birds, fish, vegetables, fruits, spices, sugar, bibles, tobacco, cork, leather, bovine mineral products, hops, malt, coal, perishable goods (for example, beer, wine, sausage, marshmallows, ketchup, mustard, pickles, chutney, olives, pickled leeks, cabbage), and other food products. These provide employment to millions of rural people across the world. Livestock farms are also an important part of agriculture. They include cattle, chicken, pigs, horses, goats, chickens, breeding cattle, dairy farming, poultry, and sugarcane.
The food market of agriculture is an important driver of the agriculture sector, supporting millions of jobs. The production of agriculture products supports small farmers, who in turn, employ those at the bottom of the production chain. These include smallholder farmers, former plantation workers, tribal operators, seasonal farm workers, rural blacksmiths, small and indigenous farmers, fishers, traders, stockyards workers, truck drivers, camel drivers, fruit growers, tea growers, coffee growers, tea and coffee exporters, fruit pickers and sellers, and others. As the globalization process accelerates, the demand for agricultural products will increasingly become global. The emergence of new and modern technology, globalization, trade liberalization, and liberalization measures are putting a strong push on the agricultural sector globally.
Agriculture is the number one industry in India and has a major impact on the economy. Agriculture products make up over 70% of India’s gross domestic product (GDP). India has a huge potential to diversify its economy and become the manufacturing hub of South Asia. Various types of crops like rubber, coconut, palm oil, sugarcane, and others could start small and be transformed into cash crops (in case of some) if these crops are properly cultivated and marketed.
In rural areas of India, there are various types of crops that can be used as cash crops. These include rice, khichuri, sesame, dal, pigeon pea, til him, chana, adzuki beans, cassia, lamps, mung, Angkor fruit, cassia fruit, tamarind, manjishtha, panjabi, Punjabi, bahmi, and barberry. These crops have their own characteristics and are best cultivated in different parts of India. Some of these crops require more water than other crops. Farmers of these fields can also produce high quality eggs. Some of the popular milk producing units in India are:
As per the United Nations Statistics, in India, the present population consists of approximately 125 million people. This huge population has the potential to explore, develop and exploit the vast agricultural land and farming lands. The enormous potential of the Indian rural population in terms of food production is being harnessed through improved modern agriculture techniques. Farmers are now focusing more on maximizing the yield of each agricultural crop. In order to achieve this, farmers are using modern techniques to transform their fields and improving irrigation systems.